13th International Conference on Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology

#Gastroenterology #Hepatology #Bowel #Pancreas
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Conference page : https://gastro.cmesociety.com/
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13th International Conference onClinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology (8)


Barrett’s esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus refers to a (abnormal) change in the cells of the lower portion of the esophagus. It is characterized by the replacement of the normal stratified squamous epithelium lining of the esophagus by simple columnar epithelium with goblet cells (which are usually found lower in the gastrointestinal tract). The medical significance of Barrett’s esophagus is its strong association (0.1 per 1 cm Prague C>M> total segment length per patient-year) with esophageal adenocarcinoma, a very often deadly cancer,because of which it is considered to be a premalignant condition.

Symptoms :

  • frequent and longstanding heartburn
  • trouble swallowing (dysphagia)
  • vomiting blood (hematemesis)
  • pain under the sternum where the esophagus meets the stomach
  • unintentional weight loss because eating is painful (odynophagia)

13th International Conference onClinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology (7)

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)

Hepatology Exocrine endocrine
#Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is the inability to properly digest food due to a lack of digestive enzymes made by the pancreas. EPI is found in humans afflicted with cystic fibrosis and Shwachman–Diamond syndrome

Chronic pancreatitis is the most common cause of EPI in humans and cats. In dogs, the most common cause is pancreatic acinar atrophy, arising as a result of genetic conditions, a blocked pancreatic duct, or prior infection.

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Clinical Gastro 2018 (4)

Hepato cellular Carcinoma (HCC)

#HepatocellularCarcinoma (HCC)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver #cancer in adults, and is the most common cause of death in people with #cirrhosis
It occurs in the setting of #chronic #liver inflammation, and is most closely linked to chronic viral #hepatitis infection (hepatitis B or C) or exposure to toxins such as alcohol or #aflatoxin. Certain diseases, such as hemochromatosis and alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, markedly increase the risk of developing HCC. #Metabolic syndrome and NASH are also increasingly recognized as risk factors for HCC
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13th International Conference onClinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology (6)

Recent Advancement in Gastroenterology

Recent Advancement in Gastroenterology
Endoscopic Ultrasound Stomach, Liver, Gut, pancreas
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a minimally invasive procedure to assess digestive (gastrointestinal) and lung diseases. A special endoscope uses high-frequency sound waves to produce detailed images of the lining and walls of your digestive tract and chest, nearby organs such as the pancreas and #liver, and lymph nodes.

An EUS is a type of endoscopic examination. It involves the insertion of a thin tube into the mouth and down into the stomach and the first part of the small intestine. At the tip of the tube is a smallultrasound probe that emits sound waves.
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